Blocked Credits (Section 17(5))

Even though the idea behind execution of GST is free flow of tax credit, input tax credit is not available in respect of certain inward supply of goods or services as stated in Section 17(5) of CGST Act, 2017. Here are some of the cases where tax credit is not available.

Motor vehicles & Vessels & Aircraft

ITC is not allowed for Motor vehicles used to transport persons, which have a seating capacity of less than or equal to 13 persons (including the driver). However, ITC is available if the seating capacity of such motor vehicles is more than 13 persons. Further, ITC cannot be availed for vessels and aircrafts.
For example, Ajay & Co. buys a car for their business. They cannot avail ITC on the same.

Exclusion of ITC on Motor Vehicles & Vessels & Aircraft:-

1. Further supply of motor vehicles, vessels or aircrafts.

If someone is in the business of supplying motor vehicles or vessels & aircraft, then ITC will be available.
For example, a car dealer purchases a car for Rs.20 lakh plus 10 lakh GST and later sold it for 40 lakhs along with Rs.13.60 lakh GST. Since he is a dealer, he can claim ITC of 10 lakhs and pay only Rs.3.60 lakh (13.60 – 10).

2. Transportation of passengers

If someone is using motor vehicles, vessels & aircraft for transportation of passengers then ITC will be allowed on the vehicle purchased.
For example, Gita Tours purchased a bus for inter-city transport of passengers. ITC is available.

3. Giving training for driving, flying, navigating such vehicle or vessels or aircrafts, respectively.

If a driving school buys a car to give training to students, then the school can claim ITC on the GST paid on the car.

4. Transportation of goods

ITC is available on vessels & aircraft used to transport goods from one place to another. Although this is concerning other transporters and not Goods Transport Agencies (GTA).

Services of General Insurance, Servicing, Repair & Maintenance w.r.t. motor vehicles, vessels & aircraft

If someone is availing services of general insurance, servicing, repair and maintenance which is related to motor vehicles, vessels or aircraft, then he is not eligible to avail input tax credit. Following are some of the exceptions:-

Food, beverages, club memberships and others

ITC cannot be availed for the following goods or services: Food and beverages, Outdoor catering, Beauty treatment, Health services, Cosmetic and plastic surgery. Although, ITC can be availed if the category of inward and outward supply is same or the component is a mixed or composite supply under GST.
For example, Ashok Enterprises provides an office party for its employees. Ashok Enterprises cannot claim ITC on the food & beverages served.

Selling of membership in a club, health, fitness centre

ITC is not allowed on any membership fees for gyms, clubs, etc.
For example, R, a Managing Director takes membership of a club and the company pays the membership fees. ITC will not be available to the company or R.

Travel

ITC is not allowed in case of travel, benefits given to employees on vacation such as leave or home travel concession.
For example, Balaji Ltd. provides a travel package to its employees for private holidays. ITC on GST paid by Balaji Ltd. for the holiday package is not allowed. ITC can be availed for travel for business purposes.

Works contract

ITC is not allowed for any work contract services. ITC for the construction of an immovable property cannot be availed, other than where the input service is used for further work contract services.
Also, ITC shall not be allowed in case of goods & services received by a person for constructing an immovable property on his own account when such goods & services are to be used in course of business. For example, Vicky Contractors are constructing an immobile property. They cannot avail any ITC on the works contract. However, Vicky hires Shyam Contractors for a part of the works contract. Vicky can avail ITC on the GST charged by Shyam Contractors.

Composition Scheme under Section 10

ITC is not available for the person who has made the payment of tax under section 10 in composition scheme in GST law.

No ITC in fraud cases under Section 74, 129 & 130

ITC is not available for any tax paid due to fraud cases which has resulted into: Non or short tax payment or Excessive refund or ITC utilised. Fraud cases include fraud or wilful misstatements or hiding of facts or confiscation and seizure of goods.

Goods & Services received by Non- Resident Taxable Person or for Personal Consumption

ITC shall not be availed if goods and services are received by a non-resident taxable person or if such goods and services are used for personal consumption.
From an institution point of view, other than the above list of transactions on which credit cannot be availed, there are other sets of hidden ineligible credits in the form of taxes paid for purchase of petrol or diesel and electricity on which we have been paid VAT and the same cannot be considered as credit as VAT cannot be adjusted against GST.